The name or dedication of the church.
This identifies the church type. Most churches are parish churches which means they serve a specific parish or area. Other types such as chapel, daughter and mission are mostly historic designations as many are now also parish churches. Please note that former churches are no longer used for worhsip and may be in private ownership.
A unique identification number given to every church.
The name of the diocese in which the church is located.
The name of the archdeaconry in which the church is located.
This is the legal name of the parish as given by the Church Commissioners.
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There are 3 levels of listing: Grade I, II* & II. The majority of buildings which are of special interest are Grade II. A much smaller number of particularly important buildings are listed as Grade II*. Buildings of exceptional interest (approx 2% of the total number of listed buildings) are Grade I.
Ancient monuments and archaeological remains of national importance are protected by law. Cadw, the Welsh Government’s historic environment service is responsible for compiling a schedule (list) of these ancient monuments, some of which can be found in churches and churchyards. Examples can include churchyard crosses and the archaeological remains of previous churches or buildings on the site.
There are three National Parks in Wales: Snowdonia, Pembrokeshire Coast and Brecon Beacons. These protect 20 percent of the land in Wales, including precious landscapes, habitats, villages and heritage sites.
There are over 500 conservation areas in Wales. They are designated by local planning authorities for their special architectural and historic interest.
The Buildings at Risk register is managed by Cadw (the Welsh Government’s historic environment service) in order to identify the number and type of listed buildings at risk in Wales.
It is often extremely difficult to determine a precise date of construction for a church as many have been extensively altered over time. Church Heritage Cymru therefore shows a date range within which a church is believed to have been constructed. The dates are as follows: Early Medieval (pre 1066), Medieval (post 1066 to 1540), Post Medieval (1540 to 1837), Victorian/Pre WWI (1837 to 1914) and Modern (post 1914).
This is a very brief summary of the church's main features. More detailed nformation can be found in the other fields and pages (tabs) in this database.
Useful information is displayed here for people wishing to visit the church. This may include things like opening hours, catering & toilet facilities, parking, etc.
If the church has its own website the details will be displayed here.
Any further sources of information for the church will be listed here (eg. links to other historic databases).
This is the Ordnance Survey (OS) reference for the location of the church. Some locations will be approximate as this data is continuously being refined and updated.
This is the name of the Local Authoirity within which the church is located.
This describes how the church relates to its immediate and wider environment, sometimes called its setting. It describes how the church contributes to its landscape or townscape and how these things collectively contribute to the character of the area.
This is a description of the ground plan of the church.
If known, the dimensions (measurements) of the church ground plan will be displayed here.
If the footrprint (area) of the church is known, it will be displayed here.
A description of the history and archaeology of the church and its site.
Traditionally founded in 1108, the West doorway is later Norman. Original Welsh name for Rumney is Trederlech, the nearby castle founded 1093. Building enlarged in 1407, all windows being Perpendicular, with C19-early C20 restoration, including roofs to nave and chancel; chancel refurbishment first half of C20. The large churchyard appears to have been cleared in mid C19 with no tombstones earlier than this. Church had connections with St Augustine's Abbey Bristol. Unusually there was provision for the wives of deceased clergy to hold the living and thus Katherine Morgan of Llanrumney Hall held benefice in 1603. Electricity introduced 1931, clock 1962.
A description of the exterior of the church and the main features of the churchyard.
Parish church. W tower, wider long nave with deep S porch, lower narrower chancel, vestry and other extensions, 3 in all, at SE. Of stone rubble with ashlar dressings, Welsh slate roof with cruciform finials. Embattled tower of 5 storeys with triangular crocketed pinnacles on each corner, string course with gargoyles below. Belfry openings on each face are 2-light pointed-arched with Perpendicular tracery and pierced panels of cusped diapering. Below are the narrow rectangular chamfered lights to the tower chambers on 3 levels. Clock on E and W face. Ground floor Norman Transitional W doorway with roll mouldings and clustered shafts; studded boarded door with full-width hinges. Nave has deep battered plinth, shallow buttress at SW, remains of lime render: SW window of 2 trefoil-headed lights. S porch has battered plinth, gable coping and pointed arched doorway with light mouldings, no capitals and heavy hoodmould. Porch interior is flagged with long benches either side, 3-bay C19 arch-braced roof with lower tier of windbraces and billet moulding to wallplate; pointed-arched inner doorway with painted boarded door with wide hinges. SE nave has a further larger nave 3-light window with hoodmould and at E end of nave an unusual 2-tier window bay relating to the former roodloft with 3-light rectangular lower window and similar window above but with cusped heads to the lights and a small staircase light at extreme E; medieval face corbel at eaves SE. S Chancel has 2 large Tudor-arched 3-light windows with Perpendicular tracery separated by a narrow moulded pointed arched priests' doorway. E window is large with 3 lights and Perpendicular-style tracery probably a wholly C19 replacement. NE vestry complex in 3 separate blocks with E entrance. N nave has a range of 3 rectangular windows with cusped heads under hoodmoulds.
Information about any noteable architects, artists, people, or events associated with the church.
Information about any important features and building fabric.
If known, a list of the church's major building material/s will be displayed here.
Any renewable energy systems the church is using will be listed here.
This section gives a general description of the interior of the church. Further details of any important internal fixtures and fittings will be listed below.
Interior is rendered. Nave floor of flags and ledgers. Deep reveals to windows. 7-bay boarded roof of bolted scissor trusses with billet-moulded wallplate. Steps up to W door which has date 1829 designed in studs; inner face of S door has horizontal boarding. Octagonal C15 font. At SE end of nave is the narrow door to former roodloft steps with narrow upper doorway now filled with stained glass; lower window has piscina adjacent. Pointed chancel arch of paired sunk quadrants, no capitals. Chancel roof of 4 bays with wind braces. High quality woodwork including richly carved Perpendicular-style pulpit, rood screen, choir stalls and extensive chancel and sanctuary panelling, some of this dated 1936; polychrome reredos to wooden altar attributed to Ninian Comper. N nave wall has war memorial to men of Rumney. Some simple C18 and C19 wall monuments in nave and chancel including an unusual wooden monument of 1819 by Wilson of Llandaff to Thomas Heineken. Priests' board from 1153. Most windows have stained glass; that in SE chancel by Charles Kempe early C20, E window of c1960, SW nave window by Geoffrey Robinson 1976. Tower has 6 bells with C18 inscriptions.
Information about the church's important internal fixtures and fittings.
Information about the church's important moveable items and artworks.
A description of the ecology of the churchyard.
Information about the presence of bats in the church building or churchyard.
Records whether the church has been consecrated.
Records whether there have been burials in the churchyard.
Records whether the churchyard is still being used for burials.
Records whether there are any war graves in the churchyard.
Any important churchyard structures will be listed here.
Signifiance levels are set at high, medium and low.
Significance defines what is special about a church. This could be architectural, archaeological, historical or liturgical. Here, it describes the relationship of the church to its surrounding area and helps place it within its wider landscape context.
Significance defines what is special about a church. This could be architectural, archaeological, historical or liturgical. Here, it describes the significance of the historic building fabric of the church.
Significance defines what is special about a church. This could be architectural, archaeological, historical or liturgical. Here, it describes the historic significance of the interior of the church.
Significance defines what is special about a church. This could be architectural, archaeological, historical or liturgical. Here, it describes the relationship between the church and its community.